
Differentiable
A function f is said to be differentiable at a point x = a if f'(a) exists.

Difference Quotient
The difference quotient,
represents the slope of an arbitrary secant line connecting the point (x, f (x)) and the nearby point (x + h, f (x + h)) on the graph of f. 
Derivative
The derivative of f is denoted as f'(x), and it is the function that gives the slope of the graph of f at the point (x, f (x)). Written as the limit of the difference quotient, the derivative of f (x) is

Secant
The secant line is a line connecting two points on the same curve

Tangent
The tangent to a curve is the line that just touches the curve at one point. At the point where the tangent meets the curve, they have the same slope.